>> . . 10 .

3. .

 


3.12.

. - . .

1. (, V ) , = const (3.5.2), = const - (3.7.7), V = const (3.10.2) (3.10.3).

2. , (3.9.9) (3.9.5).

(3.9.9) , .

3. , , (3.8.2).

4. , . , , .

5. , .

1

, +42 ?

. . , 58 , . , , .

2

, S. . . .

. V ( ). V + ΔV, V - ΔV.

p1:

.

3

V0. V . V0 , . ? .

. 0 . 2V = p2(V + V0) , , . . n

n

n > 0, , 0, , 0.

4

. , V1 V2 1 : 2. t1 t2 , ,

. , . V0 .

-

0 = 273 , .

5

p1 = 2 105 t1 = 27 . , t2 = 50 , . S = 30 2.

. , . ,

(3.12.1) 2,

6

() , : n1 = 75,52%, n2 = 23,15%, n3 = 1,28% n4 = 0,05%.

. :

M1, M2, M3 M4 , , .

,

m = m1 + m2 + m3 + m4 V, .

p = p1 + p2 + p3 + p4.

(3.12.2) (3.12.3),

100%,

() >>>

 

 

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