>> 10 .

9. -

 


62.

(9.13), , (9.16), , (9.19) . , (9.17). (9.14).

1. t = 300 ?

. (9.13) pV/N kT, k = 1,38 10-23 / . = t + 273 () = 573 , pV/N = 7,9 10-21 .

2. 0 . = 0,019 /.

. (9.19). , m0 = M/NA = 273 ,

3. 1 = 200 1 = 400 . 2 = 10 000 , . 2 2, .

. (9.17) 1 1 = n1kT1, n1 .

2 . , n2 = 2n1. 2 = n2kT2 = 2n1k2.

,

4. , R = 30 . ω = 314 /. , φ = 0,314 .

. , , φ = ωt, t ,

5. = 4 . .

.

= nkT,

n , k . ,

6. V = 10 3 , ΔN = 106 Δt = 1 . , (0 = 1,013 105 )? 0 .

. , N0 : N0 = n0V, n0 , 0 = n0kT, n0 = p0/kT.

N0 = n0V = p0V/kT.

, , t: t = 8,53 106 .

1. , 1 , 2 ?

2. 1,3 10-10 (10-12 . .). 1 3 27 ?

3. , 100 , 540 /. .

4. 37 40 ?


9

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. , .

 

 

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